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Leopard Reference Library: Carbon
The runtime architecture arbitrates how software is generated into executable code, how code is mapped into memory, and, at execution time, where data is stored, how data is addressed, and how functions and methods call one another.

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Mac OS X ABI Mach-O File Format Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the data structures that make up the Mach-O file format.
Reference 2009-02-04
Component Manager Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes an interface for using shared code resources.
Reference 2006-07-17
Pascal String Utilities Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for manipulating Pascal strings in Carbon applications.
Reference 2006-07-12
CheckExecutableArchitecture (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Determine whether a particular Mach-O executable contains a version suitable for executing on a given processor architecture.
Sample Code 2006-02-07
Mac OS X ABI Dynamic Loader Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the functions used to access Mach-O files.
Reference 2005-11-09
CocoaInCarbon (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Demonstrates using Cocoa GUI code in a Carbon application.
Sample Code 2005-10-04
MemoryBasedBundle (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Shows how to execute Mach-O code from memory, much like GetMemFragment in CFM.
Sample Code 2005-08-10
SpellingChecker-CocoaCarbon (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Demonstrates how to call NSSpellChecker cocoa routines from a Carbon application.
Sample Code 2005-08-10
Code Fragment Manager Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for loading and preparing PEF binaries.
Reference 2005-07-07
SDKExample (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Shows how to weak-link against the Carbon framework in various SDKs to adopt new OS features in a single executable.
Sample Code 2005-06-06
Plug-ins (HTML) (PDF)
Explains how to use the plug-in architecture provided by Core Foundation.
Guides 2005-03-03
Storing file references in CFPreferences (HTML)
QA1350: Storing file references in CFPreferences
Technical Q&As 2005-02-23
SpellingChecker CarbonCocoa Bundled (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
How to load and call a Cocoa bundle from a Carbon CFM or Mach-O application
Sample Code 2004-08-17
Environment Variables (HTML)
QA1255: Describes how a process gets its environment variables.
Technical Q&As 2003-10-29
MoreIsBetter (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Library providing indispensable wrapers and workarounds for many areas of Mac OS programming.
Sample Code 2003-10-27
Tuning for G5: A Practical Guide (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
TN2086: Explains how to get started tuning your application for the new Macintosh G5 architecture.
Technical Notes 2003-10-01
PowerPC G5 Performance Primer (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
TN2087: Offers a high-level overview of how to maximize performance on G5 Macs.
Technical Notes 2003-09-03
Version Territory (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
TN1132: Clarifies the format of data in the NumVersion structure used in a version ( 'vers') resource.
Technical Notes 2003-08-25
Non Mac OS X Bundled data-fork based Resources (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
QA1098: Mac OS X Bundled data-fork based Resources
Technical Q&As 2003-08-20
BasicPlugIn (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Uses the CFPlugin to locate, load, execute plugin. Derived from the SillyBalls sample.
Sample Code 2003-07-28
CallMachOFramework (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Shows two ways of calling a Mach-O framework from a CFM application on Mac OS X.
Sample Code 2003-07-17
CFM application calls Mach-O routine, passing in a fixed up CFM function pointer as a callback parameter.
Sample Code 2003-07-17
Mixed Mode Manager Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the interface that supports PowerPC computers running 680x0 code.
Reference 2003-04-01
Ensuring Backwards Binary Compatibility - Weak Linking and Availability Macros on Mac OS X (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
TN2064: Ensuring that Mach-O applications built using today's Mac OS X runs on previous versions of the OS.
Technical Notes 2003-02-18
Fragment Tool (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Demonstrates manipulation of code fragments; combining and separating; viewing and editing information associated with each.
Sample Code 2003-01-30
LocalServer (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Deprecated - Sample demonstrates how a Classic process can communicate with a Mac OS X process using IP networking protocols.
Sample Code 2003-01-30
SpellingChecker-CarbonCocoa (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Implements procedural C wrapper around the Cocoa NSSpellChecker, exports it as a Mach-O bundle called "SpellCheck.bundle"
Sample Code 2003-01-14
Resource forks in Mach-O binaries (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
QA1175: Advises against using resource forks in Mach-O binaries.
Technical Q&As 2002-08-07
The 'plst' Resource (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
TN2013: Describes the 'plst' resource for Carbon-based applications.
Technical Notes 2002-02-07
Static linking of user binaries on Mac OS X (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
QA1118: Explains why static linking of user binaries is not supported on Mac OS X, and possible workarounds.
Technical Q&As 2002-02-07
Setting environment variables for user processes (HTML)
QA1067: Tells how to set environment variables for user processes.
Technical Q&As 2001-10-25
Threading Architectures (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
TN2028: Describes the various threading APIs on Mac OS 9 and Mac OS X.
Technical Notes 2001-08-08
How do I use kMPCreateTaskSuspendedMask with MPCreateTask? (HTML)
QA1055: Describes how to start a task that has been suspended with the ability to resume it later.
Technical Q&As 2001-07-02
Browser Plugins in Mac OS X (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
TN2020: Describes the format of web browser plugins for Mac OS X.
Technical Notes 2001-05-31
Targeting DebuggingCarbonLib asserts (HTML)
Deprecated - QA1033: Describes how to focus DebuggingCarbonLib asserts to a single application.
Technical Q&As 2001-05-04
Locating Application Support Files under Mac OS X (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
TN2015: Describes different methods for an application to determine its location.
Technical Notes 2001-03-27
Detecting Classic and Carbon X Environments (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
OV03: Describes how to find out if your application is running in the Classic environment in Mac OS X.
Technical Q&As 2000-10-16
Moving Your Code to Mac OS X (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
TN2003: Talks about considerations for moving older Mac OS 9 applications to Mac OS X.
Technical Notes 2000-10-05
Detecting specific ROM-in-RAM Mac (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
Deprecated - HW49: Identifying a Mac by name ("iMac"), and better alternatives for determining specific features ("has Firewire").
Technical Q&As 1999-10-05
In Search of Missing Links (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
TN1127: Demonstrates how to write CFM glue code which can call classic 68K A-Trap routines.
Technical Notes 1998-05-01
Virtual Memory Application Compatibility (HTML)
Deprecated - TN1094: Provides an introduction to how virtual memory works under Traditional Mac OS.
Technical Notes 1998-04-01
Locking and Unlocking Handles (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
Deprecated - TN1122: Explains Memory Manager handles: locking, unlocking, and preserving a handle's state.
Technical Notes 1998-02-01
OTScheduleDeferredTask When Task Running (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
NW52: Describes what happens when you use OTScheduleDefferedTask to schedule a task that is running.
Technical Q&As 1997-10-13
Weak-Linking to a Code Fragment Manager-based Shared Library (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
TN1083: Describes weak-linking to CFM shared libraries.
Technical Notes 1996-11-01