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Leopard Reference Library: Carbon
User experience encompasses the visual appearance, interactive behavior, and assistive capabilities of software. Carbon provides a number of APIs to implement user interface elements, such as windows, controls, and menus.

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Search Kit Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the interface for supporting user searches of textual content.
Reference 2009-05-06
Speech Synthesis Manager Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for converting text into synthesized speech.
Reference 2009-04-08
Dock Tile Programming Guide (HTML) (PDF)
Explains how to provide an icon and contextual menu in Carbon applications.
Guides 2009-03-04
WebKit C Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for displaying web content in windows.
Reference 2008-10-15
WebKit Objective-C Programming Guide (HTML) (PDF)
Explains how to use the WebKit to embed web content in both Cocoa and Carbon applications.
Guides 2008-10-15
Requirements for Quartz GL (HTML)
QA1536: Describes the requirements for enabling Quartz GL.
Technical Q&As 2008-08-08
Apple Human Interface Guidelines (HTML) (PDF)
Introduces the Mac OS X user experience and explains how to design an application for Aqua.
Guides 2008-06-09
Data Browser Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API used to display data in list or column views similar to the Finder.
Reference 2008-04-08
Disc Recording UI Framework Reference (HTML)
Describes the Objective-C and C API for presenting a user interface when burning audio and data CDs and DVDs.
Reference 2008-04-08
Suppressing the "unexpectedly quit" alert (HTML)
QA1288: Describes how to suppress the "unexpectedly quit" alert.
Technical Q&As 2008-03-11
Quick Look Programming Guide (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the purporse and architecture of Quick Look generators and explains how to create them.
Guides 2008-02-08
List Manager Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Deprecated - Describes the legacy C API for managing and displaying elements in a scrollable list. Replaced by the Data Browser.
Reference 2007-12-11
Display Manager Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Deprecated - Describes the C API for dynamically changing the arrangement and display modes of attached monitors. Replaced by Quartz Display Services.
Reference 2007-12-04
Apple Help Programming Guide (HTML) (PDF)
Explains how to author, package, and display user help content in Mac OS X.
Guides 2007-10-31
Application Manager Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for performing various application-level tasks in a Carbon application. Formerly titled Dock Manager Reference.
Reference 2007-10-31
Dialog Manager Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C interface for implementing alerts and dialog boxes.
Reference 2007-10-31
DiscRecording Release Notes (HTML)
Updated for Mac OS X v10.5
Release Notes 2007-10-31
HIView Programming Guide (HTML) (PDF)
Describes view-based controls and how to implement them in Carbon applications.
Guides 2007-10-31
Preferences Utilities Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes Core Foundation preferences functions.
Reference 2007-10-31
QLThumbnailRequest Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes an opaque type for handling requests for Quick Look thumbnail images.
Reference 2007-10-31
Speech Release Notes (HTML)
New document that describes new features, notes, and known issues for speech synthesis on Mac OS X v10.5.
Release Notes 2007-10-31
Window Manager Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for creating and manipulating Carbon windows.
Reference 2007-10-31
DTSCarbonShell (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Provides a modern Mac OS X Carbon Application Skeleton
Sample Code 2007-09-20
Data Browser Programming Guide (HTML) (PDF)
Explains how to present data in lists similar to the list and column views in the Finder.
Guides 2007-08-07
Navigation Services Programming Guide (HTML) (PDF)
Explains how to provide a user interface for navigating to, opening, and saving files.
Guides 2007-07-10
HIView-NSView (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Demonstrates how to embed an NSView within an HIView in a Carbon window.
Sample Code 2007-05-29
Resolution Independence Guidelines (HTML) (PDF)
Describes resolution independence and how to start updating applications to support high-resolution monitors.
Guides 2007-05-04
QLPreviewRequest Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes an opaque type for handling requests for Quick Look document previews.
Reference 2007-04-20
HIView Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for creating and manipulating view-based controls and menus in Carbon applications.
Reference 2007-04-13
Quick Look Framework Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the interface for creating plug-ins that generate Quick Look previews and thumbnails.
Reference 2007-04-13
Icon Services and Utilities Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for manipulating and drawing icons in Carbon applications.
Reference 2007-04-06
Control Manager Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for creating and manipulating Carbon controls.
Reference 2007-03-26
Fonts Panel Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for providing a Fonts window in a Carbon application.
Reference 2007-02-26
Accessibility Programming Guidelines for Carbon (HTML) (PDF)
Explains how to access-enable Carbon applications.
Guides 2007-02-08
Cocoa_With_Carbon_or_CPP (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Shows how to call Carbon routines and C++ code from within an Objective-C Cocoa program.
Sample Code 2007-02-05
Appearance Manager Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for coordinating the look of the standard Mac OS human interface.
Reference 2007-01-23
CarbonCocoa_PictureCursor (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Demonstrates how to use NSCursor from a Carbon based application.
Sample Code 2007-01-12
Finder Interface Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes several C data types used by the Finder to contain information about file system objects.
Reference 2006-10-31
RecentItems (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Implements "Recent items" menu(s)
Sample Code 2006-10-09
SampleCMPlugIn (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
A contextual menu plugIn for Mac OS X.
Sample Code 2006-10-09
Menu Manager Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for creating and managing an application's menus.
Reference 2006-09-15
Speech Synthesis Programming Guide (HTML) (PDF)
Describes speech synthesis in Mac OS X and explains how your application can produce customized spoken output.
Guides 2006-09-05
Navigation Services Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for presenting a user interface for opening, saving, and navigating files.
Reference 2006-08-16
StickiesExample (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Contains sample code and tools used by Sync Services Tutorial to demonstrate debugging syncing applications.
Sample Code 2006-08-08
SetCustomIcon (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Demonstrates how to programmatically set a custom icon for a file, folder, or disk.
Sample Code 2006-08-01
AppleScriptRunner (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
How to send mail and execute other AppleScripts from a Carbon application.
Sample Code 2006-07-31
Software Delivery Guide (HTML) (PDF)
Explains how to distribute and install Mac OS X software using PackageMaker and Installer.
Guides 2006-07-24
Find By Content Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Deprecated - Describes the legacy C API for performing relevance-ranked searches. Replaced by Search Kit.
Reference 2006-07-13
Apple Help Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for finding and displaying help content using Apple's HTML-based help system.
Reference 2006-07-12
Drag Manager Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for dragging objects within the user interface.
Reference 2006-07-12
Search Kit Programming Guide (HTML) (PDF)
Describes Search Kit architecture and workflow, and how to add search capabilities to Carbon and Cocoa applications.
Guides 2005-12-06
StopAlert and NoteAlert now use the Application icon (HTML)
QA1378: System Alerts now use the Application icon to let the User easily identify the source of the alert.
Technical Q&As 2005-10-04
HIToolbar Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for creating and manipulating toolbars in Carbon applications.
Reference 2005-09-08
WindowFun (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Create window layers and groups. Drawing transparent lines. How to display the "Poof" the toolbar uses.
Sample Code 2005-08-24
HIArchive Programming Guide (HTML) (PDF)
Describes how to store data objects using HIArchive. Also includes information to make custom HIObjects archivable.
Guides 2005-08-11
HIArchive Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for storing and retrieving data in HIArchives.
Reference 2005-08-11
HIObject Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for creating and manipulating human interface objects in Carbon applications.
Reference 2005-08-11
Handling Carbon Windows and Controls (HTML) (PDF)
A guidebook for implementing windows and controls in Carbon applications.
Guides 2005-07-07
HIToolbar Programming Guide (HTML) (PDF)
Explains how to create toolbars in Carbon applications.
Guides 2005-07-07
Unified window title and toolbar appearance in Carbon (HTML)
QA1423: How to use the unified window title and toolbar appearance for a Carbon window.
Technical Q&As 2005-06-17
SearchKit Release Notes (HTML)
Release Notes 2005-04-29
My custom item dismisses my Navigation Services dialog (HTML)
QA1381: Gives a workaround for dismissive clicks on items in the custom area of Navigation Services dialogs.
Technical Q&As 2004-11-22
Clickable Static Text Item (HTML)
QA1380: Explains how to make a static text item respond to clicks
Technical Q&As 2004-10-05
SetFontInfoForSelection incorrect prototype (HTML)
QA1375: Describes the incorrect prototyping of the SetFontInfoForSelection API and gives a workaround.
Technical Q&As 2004-10-04
HIShape Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the Carbon API for manipulating HIShape objects.
Reference 2004-06-28
Upgrading to the Mac OS X HIToolbox (HTML) (PDF)
A porting guide for Carbon developers seeking to adopt Mac OS X HIToolbox features such as nib-based windows and HIViews.
Guides 2004-06-28
Using the Web Kit for Application Registration (HTML)
Learn how to use the Web Kit to handle your application's online registration.
Articles 2004-03-09
Carbon Help Manager Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the interface for displaying short onscreen hints in help tags.
Reference 2004-03-01
Creating Carbon Menus (HTML) (PDF)
Describes how to create menus in Carbon applications.
Guides 2004-02-23
Interface Builder Services Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C API for unarchiving interface objects.
Reference 2004-02-17
Unarchiving Interface Objects With Interface Builder Services (HTML) (PDF)
Explains how to reconstitute user interface elements in Carbon applications.
Guides 2004-02-17
Navigation Services for Carbon: An Overview (HTML) (PDF)
Introduces changes to the Navigation Services API for CarbonLib and Carbon in Mac OS X.
Guides 2003-12-10
Setting Up Your Carbon Application to Use the Services Menu (HTML) (PDF)
Explains how to make a Carbon application share functionality with other applications.
Guides 2003-12-10
MungSaver (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Demonstrates a simple Screen Saver module for Panther, using the Sequence Grabber DataProc mung technique.
Sample Code 2003-11-18
Why isn't my edit text box in my Navigation dialog's custom area working on 10.3? (HTML)
QA1315: Explains a bug in the Mac OS X 10.3 Navigation Services Custom Area involving the EditText and its work around.
Technical Q&As 2003-10-28
MoreIsBetter (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Library providing indispensable wrapers and workarounds for many areas of Mac OS programming.
Sample Code 2003-10-27
YASTControl (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
An application illustrating how to use a user pane control to define MLTE based text fields.
Sample Code 2003-10-27
Tiler (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Modify your applications tile icon within the Mac OS X dock by using both QuickDraw and Quartz
Sample Code 2003-10-24
FinderLaunch (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Shows how to open documents by sending Apple Events to the Finder.
Sample Code 2003-10-14
GrabBag (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Demonstrates variety of techniques and features of Carbon. DataBrowser , PBCatalogSearchAsync, Overlay windows, Tab controls, more...
Sample Code 2003-07-29
Simple DrawSprocket (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Deprecated - Simple use of DrawSprocket to set screen resolution and size.
Sample Code 2003-07-22
BasicDataBrowser (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Shows how to create a basic, functional data browser.
Sample Code 2003-05-08
SimpleSpeechRecExample (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Demonstrates how to use the Speech Recognition Manager in a simple application.
Sample Code 2003-03-26
TubeTest (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Deprecated - The program is a simple demonstration of how to use the Palette Manager in a color program.
Sample Code 2003-03-12
Guide to Creating Kiosks on Mac OS X (HTML) (日本語 HTML)
TN2062: Discusses techniques used in creating applications which require kiosk-like functionality on Mac OS X.
Technical Notes 2003-02-24
SimpleTabControl (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Demonstrates how to use a simple tabbed pane window. This control is often used in preferences.
Sample Code 2003-02-20
Obtaining and Using Icons With Icon Services (HTML) (PDF)
Explains how to obtain and display icons for a Carbon application or extension.
Guides 2003-02-01
Speech Recognition Manager Reference (HTML) (PDF)
Describes the C interface for recognizing and accepting spoken input.
Reference 2003-02-01
Calculator (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Implements a simple "four-banger" calculator.
Sample Code 2003-01-30
CarbonCustomList (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
How to implement a custom list using Carbon using CreateCustomList.
Sample Code 2003-01-30
A Mac OS X-compatible, Appearance-savvy sample menu definition function (MDEF).
Sample Code 2003-01-30
ColoredCheckBox (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Demonstrates how to create a colored check box on a gray window backgrounds.
Sample Code 2003-01-30
ControlBackground (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Shows how to affect the background color of a control when drawing it.
Sample Code 2003-01-30
CustomWindow (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Demonstrates how to create a custom window in Mac OS X.
Sample Code 2003-01-30
Fragment Tool (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Demonstrates manipulation of code fragments; combining and separating; viewing and editing information associated with each.
Sample Code 2003-01-30
GetDragHiliteColor (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Shows how to obtain the color that Drag Manager uses to hilite regions when calling ShowDragHilite.
Sample Code 2003-01-30
HandyScrollingSample (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Shows some ways of implementing scrolling.
Sample Code 2003-01-30
HideMenuBar (HTML) (DMG) (ZIP)
Shows how to hide the menu bar.
Sample Code 2003-01-30
Deprecated - Illustrates one way to use the HTMLRenderingLib Library.
Sample Code 2003-01-30
Deprecated - Shows how to display a HTMLRenderingLib object inside of a user pane control.
Sample Code 2003-01-30